Asylum seekers have limited access to the labour market. Without work permit they are e.g. not allowed to recieve compensation.
Asylum seekers = people in a pending asylum procedure.
Asylum seekers recieve a „white card“, that proves their procedure is pending.
Recognized refugees and people granted subsidiary protection have free access to the labour market. They do not face any restrictions just like Austrian or EU citizens.
Recognized refugees are people whos request for asylum has been granted („refugees in the sense of the Convention and Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees by the UN“).
People granted subsidiary protection are people who are not recognized as refugees (in the sense of the Refugee Convetion), but are in need of protection due to other reasons (e.g. torture, civil war).
People granted subsidiary protection recieven: a "grey card", "Anerkennungsbescheid" or "Anerkennungserkenntnis", passport for foreigners ("Fremdenpass") and/or identity card for foreigners ("Identitätskarte")
Conditions for a traineeship / a volunteering positions:
Asylum seekers are allowed to do traineeships / volunteering positions in companies or NGOs after 3 months of the beginning of their asylum procedure (issue date of the white card).
Volunteering positions cannot last longer than 3 months per employer per year.
Volunteering positions are merely educational relationships and not normal working relationsships or "occupational therapies".
Volunteering positions only serve the purpose to broaden and apply knowledge and skills for practice.
There needs to be connection between the education and work experience in the refugees homecountry and the content of the volunteering position, meaning that: The refugee shall learn something new which complements his education in the past.
Example: A syrian confessioneer learns during his volunteering position in an Austrian confectionery hot to make typical Austria sweets and cakes.
Compensation is strictly forbidden at volunteering positions. Employers are not allowed to pay a salary or other benefits.
problem with compensations: The compensation is not only against the law and may lead to different consequences for the employer (fines etc.).
Any kind of compansation may be taken into account regarding the "Grundversorgung" of the asylum seeker, which might leads to a situation where the asylum seeker does not only lose "Grundversorgung" but also housing.
The notification shall enable the AMS to make a basicassesment of legitimacy of the volunteering position.
If the volunteering position is not prohibited within 2 weeks the volunteer can start. An explicit approval is not necessary.
If the AMS prohibits the volunteering position afterwards it has to be ended – latest within 1 week.